The Two-Path-Theory is based, among other things, on a longitudinal study on the crime prevalence of 1,000 New Zealand youths (“The Thousand Children of Dunedin” or “Dunedin Study”). The first and larger group of adolescents showed the usual degree of behavioural abnormalities in adolescence. The deviant behaviour of the subjects
Learning theories suggest that both deviant and conformist behaviors are learned through interactions with other members of society. Learning theories explain delinquency as behaviors that are processually transmitted in groups and communities. Criminal behavior is thus learned in the same way and through the same mechanisms as any other behavior.